In all the ongoing struggles in the region,  the most progressive demands have been raised by women participants who oppose patriarchy and do not separate social justice from women’s emancipation.  In order for the 2019 uprisings to move forward,  the struggle for women’s emancipation and its inseparability from the struggle against capitalist exploitation and alienation needs to become much more explicit and act as a guiding light for the movement.    What can socialist feminists in the region and around the world  do to help in this effort?

November 4, 2019

The current wave of popular protests in Iraq and Lebanon are a breath of fresh air and a beacon of hope for the region and the world.   What truly stands out in these protests and the uprisings which emerged earlier this year in Sudan and Algeria,  is the presence of women and the ways in which the mostly young protesters do not separate the struggle for social justice from opposing religious, ethnic and other types of sectarianism and religious fundamentalism.

The protesters’ demands for the overthrow of regimes and the challenge to all the ruling factions, regional and global powers,  reveal that the desire for a  radical transformation in life and labor is alive and well in the MENA region.   In Lebanon, women  have formed barriers on the frontlines to protect the rest of the protesters, and have called out sexist and homophobic slogans.  A woman kicking a firearm out of the hands of a man has become the icon of the Lebanese protests.  In Iraq,  women  who have been protesting sexual harassment and rape,  are active participants in the struggle.  In Sudan,  the symbol of the anti-military sit-in  which was violently crushed by the military last June,  was a woman.  Sudanese women protesters were actively promoting discussions about their self-emancipation.  In Algeria, the continuing mass protests involve a large number of young women who oppose the  subservient roles that were re-imposed on women revolutionaries  after the Algerian war of independence.

In all the ongoing struggles in the region,  the most progressive demands have been raised by women participants who oppose patriarchy and do not separate social justice from women’s emancipation.

In order for the 2019 uprisings to move forward,  the struggle for women’s emancipation and its inseparability from the struggle against capitalist exploitation and alienation needs to become much more explicit and act as a guiding light for the movement.

What can socialist feminists in the region do to help in this effort?

*Those of us who are from countries that act as sub-imperialist powers in the region,  have a special responsibility to oppose our  governments’  intervention in Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Palestine and Yemen.  We need to oppose Iran’s military and political interventions in the region;  reach out to our Kurdish sisters in Rojava who are under assault by Turkey and other regional powers;  express our solidarity with Palestinian sisters who are organizing against both  “honor” killings, sexual assault and Israeli colonialism; reach out to our Yemeni sisters who are being starved, raped and killed by Saudi Arabia’s war against the people of Yemen and by Houthi militiamen.

*We can publicize the cases of feminist political prisoners in Syria, Iran, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt,  Palestine,  Algeria, Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco, or feminists under assault in  Afghanistan, Pakistan  and India.

*We can highlight and combat the ways in which poor, working-class, displaced and racialized women are punished, bullied and imprisoned for attempting to support themselves and their families.

*We can find creative ways to support our joint struggles for an end to the compulsory hijab or any dress code imposed on women,  employment and educational discrimination, enslavement of domestic workers, physical abuse, sexual harassment, rape and  female genital mutilation.  We can demand social protections, access to abortion rights, divorce and guardianship rights, maternity rights, and travel rights.

*We can organize consciousness raising sessions to discuss and  develop socialist feminist concepts that can help us offer an alternative to capitalism, sexism, heterosexism and racism.

Socialist feminists outside the MENA region can also help  in various ways by:

*Creating platforms for all of us to talk about the affirmative content of our mutual struggles.

*Opposing the imperialist role which your country might play in the region

*Publicizing the cases of women political prisoners in MENA

*Reaching out to women refugees from MENA and giving them platforms to speak freely and safely about why they have been forced to leave their countries and what is needed for them to feel safe to return if they wish.   Supporting women refugees who choose to stay in their new countries.

*Developing and articulating the concept of socialist feminism,  its vision of women’s emancipation and its  alternative to capitalism.

Currently,  we have a historic opportunity to build on the ongoing uprisings and popular protests in the MENA region and their concomitance with popular protests for social justice around the world,  from Chile to  Haiti and from China and Russia.   Let’s engage in the dialogue and solidarity work that is needed.

If you wish to add your signature below and participate in this solidarity work,  please contact the Alliance of Middle Eastern and North African Socialists at [email protected]

November 4, 2019


Abbas, Sara,  Scholar/activist, Sudan/U.S.A

Abubkr, Liemia Eljaili – Female Journalists network, Sudan

Abdelmoneim, Shadia , Feminist /Sudanese Communist Party

Afary, Frieda  librarian, translator, writer, producer of Iranian Progressives in Translation, member of Alliance of MENA Socialists,   U.S.A.

Afary, Mona,  psychologist, U.S.A.

Acuner, Derya,  Researcher, Italy/Turkey

Altun, Hakan Researcher, Germany

Ashrafi, Parvin,  Iranian socialist feminist, Canada

Arshadi, Shahrzad, documentary filmmaker, photographer,playwright, Canada

Avayeh Zan Magazine, Sweden

Azizoglu-Bazan, Münevver,  PhD candidate and activist of the Kurdish Women’s

Movement, Germany

Bitar, Lara, Independent media worker, Feminist, Beirut

Cagatay, Selin, Scholar/Activist,  Sweden/Turkey

Çakır, Pelin, activist/editor/humanitarian worker, Turkey

Dehkordi, Sara, political activist, Europe

Ege, Elif, activist/scholar, Turkey

Ergasheva, Zaynab,  organizer, USAorganizer, USA

Ergün,  Özengül , Activist, Turkey

Fidel,  Raya, Information Science Professor Emerita, anti-Zionist Israeli, Radical Women, U.S.

Geghamyan, Hasmik , Educator and Lawyer with National Lawyers Guild.  Oakland, U.S.A.

Hancı, Şahika,  Feminist activist. Turkey

Hassan, Budour, Palestinian writer, Jerusalem

Hatoum, Raida,  feminist, Lebanon

Kateb,  Lara al,  Syrian socialist feminist and member of Alliance of MENA Socialists

Kalkan, Seher, Graphic Design, Feminist Aktivist, Turkey

Karimi, Fatemeh,  Women’s Rights and Minority Rights Activist, Europe

M.,Sina,  Researcher, U.S.A.

Mahmood, Nadia, co-founder of Aman Organization for Women and member of Worker Communist Party of Iraq,  Iraq

Masjedi, Fatemeh,  Iranian academic activist, member of Alliance of MENA Socialists,  Germany

Namazie,  Maryam, Spokesperson of Council of Ex-Muslims of Britain, One Law for All and Fitnah – Movement for Women’s Liberation in Iran, Iran/UK

Naggar, Samia El,  scholar/ feminist activist/ Sudan

Oumari, Selma, Algerian French member  of the New Anticapitalist in France

Rajabi,  Afra, Iranian socialist feminist student and writer, member of Radical Women, U.S.

Rezaei, Roghayeh,  Iranian Scholar/ researcher at Ottawa University, Canada

Rostami, Soma,  Civil Rights Activist, Europe

Saki,, Özgül, teacher, Turkey

Sani, Ladan, Human Rights Advocate, U.S.A.

Sohaili, Bahar , Social media influencer, feminist and women rights activist,


Sunay, Simlâ, ecofeminist architect, activist-researcher and author, Turkey.

Tevgera Jinên Azad (TJA) – Komisyona Diplomasiyê

Free Women’s Movement – Diplomacy Commission

Northern Kurdistan, Turkey

Üstündağ, Nazan, academic and activist, Berlin

Vakili,  Daliah, Researcher and activist,  Germany

Yılmaz,  Mürüvet , Turkey

Yur, Damla Research assistant and journalist, Turkey


Barnes, Doug,  Freedom Socialist Party National Secretary, USA  –

Bartter, Isabelle , Socialist feminist, U.S.A.

Bitu, Feminist Activist,  India

Brennan, Debbie, Radical Women,  Australia

Ceres,  Cássia – Executiva do PSOL/Belém-Pará e Coletivo Feminista Marielle Vive! Brazil

Chaffin, Suzete – Coletivo Feminista Marielle Vive! , Brazil

Coimbra,   Vera – Coletivo Feminista Marielle Vive! , Brazil

Concilio, Arielle,  socialist and student, Department of Economics, John Jay College CUNY, U.S.A.

Cowden, Stephen, Assistant Professor of Social Work, Coventry University, U.K.

Dewan, Ritu, Vice President, Indian Society of Labour Economics. India

Fernandez, Xili, Political Scientist, Venezuela

Firmino,   Izabel – Executiva do SINTUFF/RJ , Brazil

Foster, Elea, feminist and activist, Greece

Freitas, Juliana  de– Oposição SIMPRO –DF , Brazil

Galvão, Nancy – Executiva do PSOL São Paulo, Brazil

Ghosh, Saswati, Academic and activist, Kolkata, India

Guiza, Sandra – Direção do SINTUFF/RJ, Brazil

Hensman, Rohini,   Writer, researcher and activist,  India

Holmstrom, Nancy,  Professor of Philosophy Emerita, Rutgers University – Newark, U.S.A.

Jacirene – Coordenação da Sub-Sede do SINTEPP Mde Baião/PA, Brazil

Kelkar, Govind,  Coordinator, ,  Executive Director of GenDev  Centre for Research and Innovation India

Leticia, Silvia – Coordenadora Geral do SINTEPP Belém-PA, Secretaria Executiva Nacional da CSP – Conlutas, e da Executiva Estadual do PSOL-PA, Brazil

Leung, Lam Chi, socialist activist and writer , Hong Kong

Luta Socialista/PSOL – Unidos Pra Lutar/CSP – Conlutas – Tendência Sindical
Coletivo Feminista Marielle Vive!

Lui ,  Julieta – Coordenação da Sub – Sede da Apeoesp São Carlos/São Paulo, Brazil

Mahajan,  Vandana, Independent feminist, India

Mandel, David,  Chapter leader, Jewish Voice for Peace,  National Lawyers Guild Member, Democratic Socialists of America, U.S.A.

Melampianaki, Zetta, feminist, socialist, and labor activist, Greece

Mesbah, Targol,  Assistant professor,  Anthropology and Social Change, California Institute of Integral Studies,  USA

Moss, Athena,  feminist and activist, Greece

Neves,   Jane – Vice – presidente do Sintect-Am, Brazil

Nery,   Emanuelly – Diretório Municipal do PSOL de São José dos Campos/São Paulo, Brazil

Palheta,   Dulcideia – Direção da Associação dos Docentes da Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia (ADUFRA) , Brazil

Patel, Pragna,  Southall Black Sisters,  U.K.

Queiroz,  Santos de,  Fernanda – Luta Socialista – Melbourne, Austrália

Quiquivix,  Linda, PhD, community scholar, U.S.A.

Quirico, Monica, Historian, Turin, Italy

Räthzel, Nora, Department of Sociology, Umeå University, Sweden

Reiko Kato,  Nancy, Radical Women and AFSCME 3299 labor activist, U.S.A.

Reimann, John,  former recording secretary, Carpenters Local 713; editor,

Reis, Érica – Direção da Sub-Sede do SINDSAÚDE Baião-PA, Brazil

Rivas, Juliana, Chilean socialist feminist and sociologist,  Germany

Sáenz, Charlotte Maria,  Core Faculty, School of Undergraduate Studies, California Institute of Integral Studies, U.S.A.

Selberg, Rebecca, senior lecturer in Gender Studies, Sweden

Seelhoff, Cheryl,  writer and activist, U.S.A.

Sodré ,  Miriam – Secretária Geral do SINTEPP BELÉM/Unidos Pra Lutar – PA, Brazil

Solimões, Andrea – Unidos Pra Lutar – Tendência Sindical, Brazil

Solimões,  Neide – Coordenadora Geral do SINTSEP-PA e Direção Nacional da Condsef, Brazil

Souza,  Joelma – Coordenação de Cultura e Lazer do SINTEPP BELÉM, Brazil

Thorne, Alison, Organiser, Freedom Socialist Party, Australia

Trindade, Zarah – Direção do PSOL/Belém – Pará e do Coletivo Feminstra Marielle Vive! , Brazil

Waldern, Barbara,  anti-imperialist activist, Canada

Wilde Botta, Emma,  socialist activist and writer, U.S.A.

Wind, Ella, NYU GSOC-UAW 2110, United States/Canada

Wolf, Sherry, author, revolutionary socialist, labor union organizer, New York City

Zuur, Cheryl, Former president AFSCME local 444, U.S.A.


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